Guide to Winteringham & District 1912

Winteringham Local History and Genealogy

An Excerpt from ‘A Guide to Winteringham and District’
by C E Trimmer (1912)
kindly transcribed by Harry and Pam Wells 2005
Scans of pages kindly supplied by Sandra Clayton

1912 Guide to Winteringham
Inside front cover Guide to Winteringham 1912
Guide to Winteringham 1912 - Title Page


      THE Author in writing this short Handbook and
      Guide to Winteringham and its environs, has
      been actuated by the thought that in the not
      far distant future the District may attract many visitors
      who will naturally like to read something of the places
      they are visiting. At present, to the other parts of
      England, Winteringham and its surrounding Villages and
      Towns is little known even by name, As an illustration
      of this the Author was travelling up from King's Cross
      during last year and at that Station the Ticket Collector
      asked for Tickets. He was shown a ticket to Frodingham
      with the remark that it was the intention of its holder to
      change at Doncaster. The man looked very blank and
      returning the ticket said " Oh you are going that way are
      you," but it was quite obvious he did not in the least
      know where Frodingham was.

      Now we are to have the Keadby Bridge, a means of
      inducing many more Cyclists and Motorists to visit the
      district, there is to be a Railway to Barton-on-Humber
      from Scunthorpe via Winteringham- and one hears of all
      kinds of works to be erected or in course of erection-
      there is a guide to Settle and its district: why not to as
      interesting a district as Winteringham with its glorious
      views and splendid air-hence this effort.

      The Author has taken the liberty of quoting certain
      parts of the Revd. Canon Fowler's booklet on Winteringham
      Church, and gratefully tenders his acknowledgments; he
      is also indebted to a History of Winterton and the
      adjoining Villages published in 1836, by Mr. W. Andrew,
      and to the late Miss Fowler for much information culled
      from her book " Between Trent and Ancholme."

      Many friends have been most kind in their help in
      supplying interesting facts and finally the Author tenders
      his thanks to Mr. D. L. Andrew for his able assistance
      in editing this little work:-coming as the Author does
      from Berkshire, most beautiful County, he can only quote
      the old saying ' Happy is the Child that is born between
      Trent and Ancholme and there abide." North Lincolnshire
      has a charm, all its own, and Winteringham one of the
      most beautiful of all English Villages, that is saying
      much, is the Queen unsurpassed of all the surrounding
      villages, beautiful as they are.

      C.E. Trimmer

      CHAPTER I.

      It is probably certain that the origin of the name
      Winteringham or Wyntryngham arose from the
      earliest Anglian times and the place was thus called
      from being the homestead of the " Wyntryngs." Looking
      back over the Centuries now past the reader can readily
      imagine for himself or herself what a delectable place it must
      have been when, after a rough voyage in their rudely made
      vessels, the Wyntryngs sailed up the Humber or Abus as it
      was then called, from the Baltic shores, and landed on the
      site of old Winteringham-then a peninsular almost enclosed
      with water, having only a slip of land towards the Roman
      Road as at entrance. Thus the Angle Chief, exiled wanderer
      from his native shores, established himself and his family on
      the shores of Britain and handed his name down as a lasting
      memory of ages and generations almost forgotten. It will
      probably be as well at this point to give a few facts as to the
      Roman occupation of Britain, especially in view of their
      activities in Lincolnshire.

        N,B,-The Author wishes to point out that according to some
        authorities the name Winteringham is derived from the
        Danes and Angles having Wintered in Winteringham
        and Winterton, " ham " being a place and " ton " a town.

      The Roman Emperor Julius Caesar, first invaded Britain
      in B.C. 54, but withdrew with all his legions, in the following
      year B.C. 55. Ninety-five years later in A.D. 40 the
      Emperor Caligula, instigated by the renegade son of a British
      chief, attempted another invasion, but it was not until AD
      43, that Claudius successfully invaded and over-ran the
      County with the Roman Legions. After 16 days his army
      saluted him with the Title of Imperator, and he return to
      Rome to assume the name of Britannicus and to be wor-
      shipped as a god. He established governors of various
      districts; but it was not until A.D. 78, that Agricola the
      Roman Governor planted garrisons and fortresses throughout
      the land, and peacefully settled the Country from the Thames
      to the Severn, and from the Humber to the Dee. No doubt
      it was under this Governor's administration that the ancient
      Roman Highway, Hermen Street, now known as Ermine
      Street was made, and doubtless also the Roman Station, Ad
      Abum (literally the road to the Abus) was formed. This
      Roman Station was probably near where the Grange Farm
      (Mr. Walter Sewell) and " Eastfield " (Mr. Simon) now stand
      and as evidence of this many Roman Antiquities were found,
      and it is said considerable foundations were exposed in the
      necessary works of the forefathers of the village in their
      Agricultural pursuits. This subject is also referred to in the
      paragraphs on South Ferriby.

      The landing of the Angle chief above referred to would
      probably have been in or about the year A.D. 490, but it is
      of course impossible to do more than surmise as to the exact

      In A.D. 672, Queen Etheldreda when fleeing from her
      husband, King Ecgfrid of Northumbria, sailed, probably from
      Brough and landed at Winteringham, but instead of going
      down the Hermen Street she turned aside, crossing the marshes
      which then surrounded it, and stayed a few days at
      Alfham (now West Halton). She there founded a Church
      (which is still dedicated to St. Etheldreda). Legend has it
      that stayed in what is now the Rectory, then the house
      or stronghold of the Chief of the Alf Angle tribe and en
      passant it may be said that there is every possibility that at
      least the foundations and the lower part of the Walls of the
      Rectory, which are of the utmost antiquity, may have been
      standing as they now are when this fugitive Queen and Saint
      paused in her troubled flight on her way to Ely where she
      founded the great double Monastery. There is also a legend
      that this Queen and Saint took Sanctuary in Winteringham
      Church, but the first historical reference to a Church at
      Winteringham is in Domesday Book, about 1086. The same
      Book also states that Winteringham then had a priest,
      a mill, a ferry, and a fishery.


      Before going further it may be as well to point out to
      the Visitor the various points of Historical interest in
      the vicinity of Winteringham and at Winteringham itself.

      All Saints' Church, Winteringham. -In the last
      Chapter the Church at Winteringham was stated to be
      referred to in Domesday Book about 1086. Canon Fowler
      in his booklet above mentioned states that " considerable
      portions of that Church in all probability still exist, worked
      into the present building. The quoin-stones of the original
      nave may be seen outside on either side of the present Tower
      The first chapter in the history of the building would now
      appear to be that there was in the 11th century an aisleless
      nave of lofty proportions, similar to the few that still exist
      of that early date. There would be a small rectangular
      chancel, and the opening from the nave would be a narrow
      but lofty round-headed chancel arch. Whether there was
      then a tower or not, we have no means of knowing." It is
      not proposed to give more than a brief sketch on the points
      of interest in this ancient edifice. The visitor on entering
      the Churchyard will be struck by the somewhat large propor-
      tions of the Church for a comparatively small place
      Winteringham according to the last census having only some-
      thing over 600 inhabitants. The explanation is probably that
      the population of the village has decreased in these latter
      days-certainly in 1821 it had 745 inhabitants.

      The visitor will do well to notice the columns and
      arches-different on either side of the Church. In a recess
      on the North Side of the Chancel is a recumbent figure. At
      one time it lay within the Altar rails, then it was placed
      beside the font, now it is in the recess from which it is
      believed to have been taken. It is a remarkably fine example
      of a military effigy of early fourteenth century date, The
      figure is cross -legged, which posture is now well known to be
      no indication of a Crusader. The hands are placed palm to
      palm. The body is clothed from head to foot in chain
      armour, over which is a surcoat. The sleeves of the coat of
      mail are prolonged so as to form the gauntlets, which are
      held close round the wrists by bands or thongs. The
      knees are protected by knee-plates secured to the chain
      leggings by thongs passing through holes, in and out, and
      each bears two heart-shaped shields now blank. The Coat
      of Mail is adjusted to the figure by a strap around the waist.
      At the lower edge appears what may be a camissa or tunic
      worn under it. The straps of the spurs appear round the
      ankles. The shield is quite plain, having unfortunately been
      only painted, not carved, in the first instance. The sword is
      sheathed, but a large portion is broken away. The head of
      the Warrior is supported by two angels, and the feet by a
      lion. The head of one of the angels is broken off and lost,
      the other is a sort of skull cap, but no distinct circlet or
      crown. This effigy probably represents one of the Marmions,
      who were lords of Winteringham from 1166 to 1325, after
      which the lordship and patronage went to the female line, and
      the last of the family to present to the Rectory was the Lady
      Alice de Gray or de Marmion, in 1371. Tradition has it that
      it is the original Marmion whose name Sir Walter Scott has
      rendered so imperishable, but of course there is no direct
      proof. It is not known what has become of any earlier font;
      the present one was made in 1850 or 1851.

      Built into the east wall of the new transept is a small
      figure in a recess, not more than a foot or a foot and a half
      in height. The late Rector of Winteringham, The Revd. H.
      T. Sale was of opinion that it related to the burial of a heart,
      as it was the custom for the erection of such figures on heart
      burials. The figure represents a man in a short tunic and is
      somewhat rudely sculptured. In the south wall of the
      transept, outside, is inserted a stone with two incised floriated
      crosses, and the words X Robertus Jones and Eva, with three
      other words not made out. Nothing is known as to what or
      who these letters refer to. In the tower are many large
      squared gritstones, which may have come from a pre-
      Conquest Tower or from the old west wall of the nave. The
      use of grit is frequently a characteristic of Pre-Conquest work,
      and this must have been brought from Yorkshire by water.
      Similar stones are to be seen in the Church Tower at Burton-

      On the south side of the Sanctuary is a drain with a
      square basin to the west of which basin the shelf is plain.
      The pillar between the two arches in front of the recess is
      pierced by a hole just below the capital as if for a curtain rod.
      On the north side of the Chancel are two recesses, the larger
      has a segmental arch, and the smaller a pointed one. They
      may be of the same date as the Chancel between 1200 to 1250
      or they may have been inserted, but, as the walls are
      plastered, this point cannot be determined. The smaller and
      eastern recess has been provided in order to contain the
      Easter Sepulchre, a wooden construction that was used in the
      ceremonies of Holy Week when a more elaborate Ritual was
      observed in the Church of England.

      The Church in its original state would be the scene of
      the confirmation of the election of William de St Barbara,
      Dean of York, as Bishop of Durham. We are told that while
      he was absent at a Council in London, quite unaware of what
      was going on in the North, he was elected by the Prior and
      convent to be their Bishop, 14th March, 1143, and that as
      he was returning to York, they met him at Winteringham on
      the Humber. There they confirmed the election, and
      although he was quite unwilling and very reluctant, they
      dragged him to the altar in Winteringham Church, singing
      Teum laudamus, according to the then order in such
      cases He was consecrated at Winchester, June 20th,
      and returned to York, June 30th, in the same year, no doubt
      by the way of Winteringham, and Ermine Street, where he
      may have again visited the Church.

      There is no ancient glass in the Church, but many of the
      windows are memorials to members of the Read, Westoby,
      Scarbrough, and Burkill families, In the chancel is a
      window in memory of Thomas Adam, rector, and the west
      window of the south aisle is a Memorial to Henry Kirke
      White. The central west window is in memory of Edward
      Boteler, rector, and of Samuel Knight, and Lorenzo Grainger,
      curates. The last mentioned was curate of Winteringham,
      1799-1833, and afterwards vicar of Barnetby-le-Wold. He
      resided at the Rectory House' and took pupils, one of whom
      was Henry Kirke White, of whom more is written on a later

      The Bells are none of them very ancient. They bear
      the following inscriptions;
      1. Robert Sawyer, c.w., 1741
      2. Tho. Adam, Rector, Great Benefactor, 1742. Tho. Bell, c.w..
      3. Tho. Adam, Rector, and Good Benefactor, 1742.
      4. Venite Exultemus Domino, 1705, S.S. Ebor (Samuel
      Smith, of York, bell-founder).
      5. That Evel thinkes.

      The fifth Bell must have belonged to an earlier set. It
      bears the device of the eagle and swaddled babe, which has
      probably been put on by mistake for a Pelican in her nest
      feeding her young, the crest of George Agustus Lumley-
      Sanderson, Earl of Scarborough, and probably of the
      Sandersons of Sandbeck, who preceded him as patrons of the
      benefice from 1723 to before 1784.

      The Communion plate, with the exception of an Eliza-
      bethan cup and cover, is all comparatively modern.

      The height of the Tower from the ground to the top of
      the battlements is 64 feet.

      There is a list of Rectors and Curates of the Church
      hanging on the North Wall near the West end of the Church.

      Churchyard and Rectory. In the Churchyard are
      some superb elms, and there are also some fine holly trees
      bordering the drive to the Rectory. The late Rector, the
      Revd. H. T. Sale, shortly before his death, had the tomb-
      stone on the grave of The Revd. Thomas Adam, Rector of
      Winteringham (of whom more-anon) restored. It is to be
      found in the South-west corner of the Churchyard.

      Immediately adjoining the Church is the old Rectory
      with its associations with Kirke-White now used as a store-
      house and stable. It appears to have been built at different
      periods, but is only interesting from its association. The
      modern Rectory was built during the time the Rev. R. Reid,
      was Rector, and is now occupied by the present Rector, the
      Revd. C. M. Potts.

      The Churchyard contains very little of antiquarian or
      historical interest, but on passing out of the Churchyard the
      visitor should notice a long flag-stone and a square stone, the
      latter having the corner broken off. On the face of the former
      of these stones is carved the ten Commandments, and on the
      latter the Lord's Prayer. At the moment these lines are
      being written there is a scheme on foot to remove these stones
      and replace them in their proper position in the Church, and
      it is hoped that this will be accomplished at an early date
      and the reader will note accordingly.

      Registers. The Registers of Baptisms, Marriages and
      Burials begin about the year 1562 and are well worth
      perusing, they contain some curious entries characteristic
      of the times in which they were written. The following entry
      is an example (but it should be mentioned in passing that at
      the period referred to, banns of marriage were not always
      published in the Church). " The purpose of marriage betwixt
      Thomas Wressell of this parish, and Margaret Davison of
      Burton-super-Stather, was the first time published in our
      markett upon Saturday, April 19th, the 26th, and the 3rd of
      May, 1656. They were married. Matthew Geree, Register."
      The following entry speaks for itself, though one can hardly
      imagine a similar entry being made in these days : " Johannis
      filius Michaelis Snowden, servi mei, quern ante conjugium
      susceperat nequam ex Susanna Henton, ancilla uxoris mei
      Misereatur eorum Dominus, 1666 "

      To the South of the Church is the Hall-close-hill, and
      the road leading to it from Town End is still called Yerle or
      Earl's gate ; and if these names did not sufficiently point out
      the situation of Lord Marmion's residence, a circumstance
      which occurred about 1790, places the question almost
      beyond doubt; extensive foundations were then discovered
      on the hill side, and a leaden pipe was also found, which led
      to a very beautiful well, formed of free stone, and finished in
      such style as would do credit to our modern well-sinkers.
      This well is still in existence and there is a pump erected
      over it. Its position is to be reached by taking a narrow lane
      beside the Church Schools and the well is to the right of the
      field into which one emerges in the middle of a fence dividing
      that field and another field adjoining the Rectory demesne.

      The Village. From the Church to the centre of the
      Village one passes a cottage opposite a malt-kiln over which
      is a curious inscription. Many theories have been advanced
      as to the meaning of this inscription but the Author suggests
      the following: "Orobanche Tugurium, April 22nd, 5609''
      Orobanche Cottage, April 22nd, 1849.
      (the name of a plant) (Latin)
      5609 according to the Jewish Calendar.

      Continuing up the Village Street one passes a narrow
      lane leading to Earl's gate before mentioned ; The Temper-
      ance Hall built in 1882, and The Wesleyan Church and
      buildings built in 1891, on the right, the Architect for the
      latter being Sir Alfred Gelder, M.P. for the Division ; on the
      left is Marsh Lane, halfway down which on the right is a
      famous spring running into the road, this spring possesses
      Chalybeate properties and is much thought of by the neigh-
      bouring householders and others. The Visitor is advised to
      drink of the spring which is considered to have curative
      powers. On the left of Marsh Lane before coming to the
      spring is Spring House, a fine old residence the property
      Mrs. J. Burkill, who resides there with her daughter Miss
      Violet Burkill.

      Continuing past the Wesleyan Church one passes on
      the left the Village Stores, occupied by Mr. D. L. Andrew (see
      advert.) a retired Inspector of Police. In his garden is what
      is believed to be an ancient stone coffin, now used as a water
      trough for the pump. Close by is the Manor House, occupied by
      Mr. W. W. Sutton one of the principal farmers of the Village,
      and on the right the Post Office, the Postmaster Mr. E. Bickell
      having been a former Schoolmaster in the Village and having
      resided there for upwards of 55 years. Opposite the Post
      Office is Ferry-lane (a short cut to the Railway Station)
      leading down to the Old Roman Ferry, but the pathway
      across the fields has now been diverted for Railway purposes.
      Gate End. After passing the Post Office the walker
      comes to four cross roads with The Bay Horse Hotel (Mrs.
      Eden Goodman, Proprietress) at one corner. This is called
      Gate End where many of the Inhabitants stand and talk in
      the Summer evenings. With regard to Gate End one can
      gain interesting information as to the condition of the Village
      160 years ago by reading the ' Church of England Magazine
      dated 27th October, 1838." Therein is to be found an article
      relating to the Revd. Thomas Adam, B.A., Rector of
      Winteringham-it appears that in 1753 the Rev. W. Adam
      published his " Practical Lectures on the Church Catechism "
      and referred to Winteringham as follows :-
      ' In the spring of the year, cock-fighting was not an
      unusual amusement even on a Sunday afternoon. I used
      frequently to surprise these disorderly assemblies, which
      included farmers and tradesmen as well as labourers.........
      About half a mile from the Church and Parsonage, where
      the principal street divides the High from the Low Borough
      is a space called the Gate End, notorious as a rendezvous for
      the idle and profligate This spot commanded a fine view of
      the Yorkshire Hills, the Humber, the Haven, and Ferry-boats.
      Here a scene of riot and blasphemy, of games, wrestling and
      fighting was frequently exhibited. Few persons and especi-
      ally strangers could pass without annoyance..... ... Intoxi-
      cation was the prevailing vice of the inhabitants. The
      Parishioners had right of common pasture over extensive
      meadows, and upland grounds for hay. On May Day the
      common pasture called the Marsh was stocked with horses,
      cows, and other cattle. On this occasion it was usual to
      have bull-fighting, and the worst passions of the owners were
      stirred up."

      High Burgage. To the right from Gate End the street
      is now called High Burgage, from the time when Wintering-
      ham was a Borough, and leads to the road to Winterton and
      Earl's Gate.

      At the Town End are some Alms-houses in rather bad
      condition. Opposite these is the Village Pump which was
      erected in 1911 in memory of the Coronation of King George
      V and Queen Mary and opened on the 1st December by
      Major Charles Judge, V.D., J.P. (of Hull)-this latter gentle-
      man was born in the Village and lived there for fourteen years and
      has always been a great benefactor to the Village. On the
      occasion of the opening of the pump Major Judge gave a tea
      at the " Bay Horse" and entertained the Coronation

      In High Burgage is the Primitive Methodist Church
      built in 1837, an old building restored, on the same side
      is also a shop, the property of Mr. E. Bray by the side
      of Mr. Bray's premises is Market Hill, where the old
      Market was wont to be held.

      Low Burgage. Returning to Gate End Low Burgage
      commences by the side of the " Bay Horse " ; on the right
      is a free Village Room, where meetings of the Parish Council,
      &c., are held, and adjoining is the Reading Room (formerly a
      Wesleyan Chapel), with fine Billard and Bagatelle tables.

      Both these Rooms have been presented to the village by
      Earl Carrington, K.G.. the largest local landowner.
      Strangers and visitors are admitted to the Reading Room on
      payment of a small voluntary subscription-the membership
      fee is 4/- a year. Continuing down Low Burgage is the old
      Quaker's Burial Ground in Mr. John Westron's premises.
      Older inhabitants of the Village recollect the stones on the
      ground, and the grass is never disturbed on this small plot.
      Further down Low Burgage on the left is the Station, and
      after passing that one soon comes to the Water-side and

      Water-side and Haven. -In the summer good boating
      can be had in the haven, if one is so fortunate to obtain a boat
      from one of the keels visiting the Haven, or one of the local
      boat owners. Good fishing and many Eels can be had outside
      the Haven, though care should be exercised as the currents
      are very strong at certain states of the tide. There is an old
      King's Ferry from Winteringham to Brough and the titular
      Mayor, Mr. E. Cordeaux, is said to be bound under an old
      charter to take anyone across tide and weather permitting.
      The fee is usually 2/- and on a fine summer's day it is a
      pleasurable experience to so cross the Humber. Mr.
      Cordeaux at the time of writing is 97 years old, and of course
      would depute this duty to one of the boat owners in the
      Village. On a fine day a very pleasant walk can be had on
      either side of the Haven along the foreshore, or along the high
      bank which protects low lying fields, from the high tides.
      Reed's Island may be seen from this bank.

      Reed's Island is an Island some 3 miles long by 1 mile
      broad, of oval shape containing upwards of 500 acres enclosed
      by a high bank, constantly being extended owing to the increas-
      ing area of the Island caused by the washing away of the fore-
      shore from the Lincolnshire bank. The Island is said to be
      the property of the Humber Conservancy and is occupied by
      the Messrs. Ford who keep some thousand of head of cattle
      thereon. It is entirely grass land and there two houses on the
      Island. It would make a pleasant picnic ground and a boating
      expedition at the same time, from either Winteringham or
      Ferriby Sluice Havens.

      Silver Street.-Returning to the Village and to the left of
      Gate End is Silver Street. In the grounds of Mrs. Dodds'
      house, the fourth on the left, is another spring with Chalybeate
      properties. Next door to Mrs. Dodds is a large house owned
      by Miss Dudding one of the Scarbrough family, this family,
      according to an old manuscript, were in Henry VII's days no
      small benefactors to the Friars Union of Grimsbie. The family
      name seems formerly to have been spelt Scorbough. Another
      member of the family, Mrs. Dickinson, also resides in the

      Walks.-There are a variety of interesting walks in the
      vicinity of Winteringham, one being along the High Burgage
      to Town end and up Earl's Gate along what is now called
      Cliff Road, some way along on the right is a field path leading
      down to West Halton. There is also in one of the adjoining
      fields a very interesting Spring with Chalybeate properties. It is
      difficult to give explicit directions to this Spring but no doubt
      a guide could be obtained, or one of the men generally working
      in the fields would show the way.

      There is also the footpath across the fields to Whitton,
      this path is north of the Church and leads across a small
      bridge over the Little Haven.

      View from Hall Close Hill.-It would not be right to
      conclude this Chapter on Winteringham without mentioning
      the famous view from the top of the Seed's Field adjoining
      Close Hill before referred to. The easiest way to reach the
      top of this Hill is, starting from Gate End, past the Post
      Office, the Village Store and Temperance Hall, where turn to
      the left and take the first gate and stile to the right at the top of
      a short rise, enter this field through the gate and make for the
      top of the Hill where will be seen a seat-slightly to the right.
      From this spot can be obtained the best view for miles round,
      near this spot was lit the bonfire on the 22nd June, 1911,
      (Coronation night), and the Author counted 16 or more bonfires
      blazing at the same time.

      The Visitor will doubtless find many additional walks,
      including one to the picturesque Village of Whitton mentioned
      later, but the Author has neither space nor ability to
      accurately describe such rambles, which after all are, perhaps
      best found out by the individual to suit his or her taste and


      Before passing to the places of interest which it is
      intended to refer to the Author thought it might be of
      interest to refer to those men who now dead have left their
      mark on the History of the Village.

      William de St. Barbara, and the Marmion family have
      already been mentioned and there is also Gilbert de Gant
      (Gaunt or Ghent) who was a younger son of Baldwin, sixth
      Earl of Flanders, and Nephew to Maude, Wife of William the
      Conqueror, with whom he came into England. This high
      Noble held in Winteringham "12 carucates of land to be
      taxed, x x x x x a Priest and a Church, and three Mills and
      one Ferry, and the bed of a Fishery, value in King Edward's
      time and now ten pounds ; tallaged at 40 shillings." This
      record of Winteringham is also referred to at the end of the
      first chapter.

      Many names occur from time to time connected with the
      history of the Village, but none of special interest to the
      present inhabitants of the Village or the Visitor. It may how-
      ever be interesting to note in this place that the Marmions
      before referred to were hereditary Champions of England, and
      it is believed they acted in a similar capacity to the Dukes of

      The Revd. Thomas Adam, before mentioned, became
      Rector of Winteringham in 1724, he was eminent for his piety
      and unwearied benevolence to the poor. His name will long
      be honoured in the Church of England as the Author of
      " Private thoughts on Religion " and an Exposition of St.
      Matthew and the other three Gospels. He was Rector of
      Winteringham for 60 years, namely until 1784 and was on
      friendly terms with the Rev. John Wesley, the founder of the
      Wesleyan Church, and they often corresponded. The Revd.
      Thos. Adam was aged 83 at the time of his death (March 31st,

      The Revd. Lorenzo Grainger, Curate of Winteringham
      in 1799, is reported to have been zealous, laborious and
      very charitable, he was also eminent as a teacher of youth,
      and was the tutor of the well known Henry Kirke White. He
      remained in Winteringham for over 30 years. A tablet is to
      be seen on the north side of the Sanctuary in the Church
      erected to his memory.

      Henry Kirke White was born at Nottingham in March,
      1785 and died at Cambridge in October, 1806, aged 21 years.
      He came to Winteringham for tuition from the Revd. L.
      Grainger in the latter part of 1804, It appears that this Poet
      and Scholar had injured his health by intense study,
      previous to his taking up his residence at the Rectory house
      in Winteringham. It may be of interest to quote portions of
      several of his letters to friends in the outside world, which, as
      they refer to the Village and surroundings are of double
      interest. In a letter to Mr. K. Swann, 20th October, 1804, he
      writes: " We are safely arrived and comfortably settled in the
      parsonage at Winteringham. The house is most delightfully
      situated close by the Church, at a distance from the Village,
      and with delightful gardens behind and the Humber before.

      Our tutor is not only a learned man, but the best Pastor, and
      most pleasing domestic man I ever met with." The ''we''
      refers to his friend Henry White Almond. Mr K White.
      (refers with great gratitude to the kindness and benefit he
      received from Mr. Eddy, the Surgeon from Barton, whose
      medical assistance no doubt postponed the threatened break-
      down of his health.

      In January, 1805, H, K. White writing to his brother
      says: " You will not be surprised at the style of this letter,
      when I tell you it is written in the Winteringham Packet, on
      a heap of flour bags, and surrounded by a drove of fourteen
      pigs, who raise the most hideous roar every time the boat
      rolls." In another letter written in March, 1805 he says:
      "I sailed from Hull to Barton the day before yesterday on a
      rough and windy day." Kirke White seems to have frequently
      walked to Whitton and in another of his letters, written in
      Latin to a Mr. John Charlesworth, of Nottingham, he refers to
      ''The Petrifying Spring " at Whitton. Kirke White wrote
      the immortal " Star of Bethleham " " Clifton Grove'' and
      other poems.

      The Revd. C. R. Reed bought the advowson of the living
      of Winteringham in 1835, and in 1864 the Revd. Charles
      Knowles followed him as Rector, he held the living for 34
      years during which time many acts of kindness and generosity
      endeared him to his Congregation. The Revd. C Knowles
      died in 1898 after a long and painful illness.

      The Revd. Henry Towsend Sale accepted the living in 1899
      and died in December, 1910. Mr. Sale was a man of singular
      piety of life, and much beloved by the Parish and he also died
      after a long illness, begun through rolling his lawn when not in
      the best of health. His elder sister Miss Marianne Sale died
      on Ascension Day, 1911, leaving Miss E. Sale, her sister only
      surviving of the three members of the Family who had for
      nearly eleven years resided so happily together in the Rectory.
      Both the two above mentioned Rectors are buried close
      together near the door into the Chancel.

      From the dead we must turn to the living and briefly
      mention Mr. Edmund Cordeaux titular Mayor of Winteringham.
      This old gentleman, before referred to, is 97 years of age and
      has lived in the Village since he was 20 years of age. He is
      still hale and hearty and attends the Scunthorpe and Brigg
      Markets. Winteringham's Mayor is exceedingly well-known
      and most highly esteemed.

      Major Charles Judge, V.D., J.P., was born at Wintering-
      ham, and at the age of 14 years left the village. He now resides
      in the City of Hull, of which place he is a prominent citizen,
      but often revisits Winteringham and takes a keen interest in
      the Village.

      Earl Carrington, K.G. is the largest landowner, and Lord
      of the Manor, he was recently the Minister of Agriculture in
      Mr. H. H. Asquith's administration, 1911, and at the time these
      lines are written is still a Member of His Majesty's Govern-
      ment. Lord Carrington has always been most generous in
      answering to all appeals addressed to him from Winteringham
      and is considered a good Landlord by his tenants.

      It may be interesting to note that Mr. Edmund Bickell,
      the Postmaster, before mentioned, was for some time School-
      master in the Village of Miss Charlotte Bronte's home at
      Haworth and Mr. Bickell has vivid recollections of Miss

      The Ancestor of Mr. Owbridge of Lung Tonic fame was a
      tailor in the Village and it is probable that the inventor of
      that famous remedy visited the Village.

      Before closing this chapter the Author gives a copy of the
      Royal Charter authorising the weekly Market and annual fair;
      the Charter runs as follows:-"The King to the Archbishop &c.
      greeting. Know ye that we have granted and by this our
      Charter have confirmed to our beloved and faithful John
      Marmion that he and his heirs for ever may have
      every week on Wednesday at their Manor of Wyntryngham
      in the County of Lincoln and a Fair there every year to last
      for three days, on the Vigil of the day, on the day, and on the
      morrow of Saint Mary Magdalene. Wherefore we will and
      firmly command for us and our heirs that the aforesaid John
      Marmion and his heirs may have for ever, the said Market and
      Fair aforesaid with all liberties and free customers to such
      Market and Fair belonging. Witnessed by J Winton
      Chancellor, Sept. 26th, 1317. Thomas de Brotherton County
      of Norfolk and Marechal of England. Hugh de Despensor,

      The Mayoralty of Winteringham dates back to the time
      when Winteringham was a Borough and had its own Town
      Council, and has been continued, though the Council has long
      ceased to exist.

      There is a Court Leet held which meets every three years
      at the " Bay Horse Inn." This Court has a Jury consisting of
      24 members, 12 being chosen from the High and the Low
      Burgage and 12 from the other part of the Village. The
      Clerk to the Court Leet is Mr. F. C. Hett, Solicitor Brigg,
      and from documents in his possession it is believed that in
      olden times this Court Leet Jury had actually power to
      sentence felons to death. The Author believes such power
      never to have been repealed, though he can find no record of
      their ever having been exercised. A Juryman once appointed
      holds office for life. likewise the Mayor. According to Dr.
      Stukeley writing in 1724, Winteringham was then a Corpora-
      tion, the Mayor being chosen only out of one Street, i.e.
      the High Burgage.

      General Information :-
      The hours of Service at WINTERINGHAM CHURCH are:-
      Sundays, Holy Communion 8 a.m.
      Matins and Sermon 10-30 a.m.
      Holy Communion first and third Sunday 11-30 a.m.
      Evening Service with Sermon 6-30 p m.

      WESLEYAN CHURCH.-West End:-
      Sundays 2 p.m. and 6 p.m.

      Sundays 2 p.m. and 6 p.m.

      Industries.-There is a Shipyard where small keels and
      sailing schooners are built by Messrs. Routh & Waddingham.
      -they also do extensive repairs to the same class of vessel.

      There are two Malt Kilns, both the property of Messrs.
      Moor & Robson.

      The North Lincolnshire Chemical Manufacturing Co.
      (Messrs. Langton) have their works in Marsh Lane.

      Railway to Scunthorpe, 3 trains a day each way.
      Railway to Whitton, 2 trains a day each way.

      To Barton from Gate End, Monday 8-45 a.m.
      To Ferriby Sluice, 8-45 a.m., connecting to Hull by Steamboat,
      Monday, Tuesday, Friday and Saturday.
      To Brigg, Thursday 8-45 a.m.

      Mail Cart leaves Post Office at 8-45 a.m. and 5-40 p.m. each
      day for Winterton.

      Market Boat to Hull from Winteringham Haven as per tides.

      Posts :-
      DESPATCH :-8-45 a.m., 3 p.m. and 5-40 p.m.
      DELIVERY :-8-50 a.m. and 3 p.m.

Have you tried the other Winteringham Websites?
Winteringham News, Don Burton World of Nature Photo Archive (modern photographs of the village), What the Papers have said about Winteringham (since July 2004), High Resolution Historical Photographs , Winteringham Film Archive, Winteringham Nature Site, Winteringham Recipes, Winteringham Camera Club, Winteringham Village Hall, Winteringham Chapel


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